Local Anesthetics, Amides vs Esters

Ester: Metabolized in the blood plasma and has a high incidence of allergy Allergies to this drug stem from an atypical pseudocholinesterase which is a protein needed to metabolize these drugsThey tend to have a cross allergy meaning that if you are allergic to one ester drug you are likely going to be allergic to [...]

Non-Opioid Analgesics

Pain is a protective reflex that the body uses as a way of preserving itself. Humans have the same perception of pain because it is a nerve to cortex pathway that all of our bodies do. The reaction to pain or the pain response is considered widely different in humans. There are factors that affect [...]